Journal: Industrial Engineering & Management PDF
Published: 17-Jun-15 Volume: 4 Issue: 3
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0316.1000161 ISSN: 2169-0316
Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Shrikant Patil*, Rama Mohan Tallapragada and Omprakash Latiyal
Citation: Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O (2015) Studies of the Atomic and Crystalline Characteristics of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders after Bio field Treatment. Ind Eng Manage 4: 161. doi:10.4172/2169-0316.1000161
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Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have been known for their extraordinary electrical and magnetic properties. In the present study, some transition metal oxides (Zinc oxide, iron oxide and copper oxide) which are widely used in the fabrication of electronic devices were selected and subjected to biofield treatment. The atomic and crystal structures of TMOs were carefully studied by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. XRD analysis reveals that biofield treatment significantly changed the lattice strain in unit cells, crystallite sizes and densities in ceramics oxide powders. The computed molecular weight of the treated samples exhibited significant variation. FT-IR spectra indicated that biofield treatment has altered the metal-oxygen bond strength. Since biofield treatment significantly altered the crystallite size, lattice strain and bond strength, we postulate that electrical and magnetic properties in TMOs (transition metal oxides) can be modulated by biofield treatment.
Biofield treatment by Mr. Trivedi has significantly altered the atomic and crystalline characteristics of nano Iron oxide (Fe3O4), nano copper oxide (CuO) and nano zinc oxide (ZnO) as follows;
As per the results, the decrease in volume of unit cell up to 1.79% and an increase in crystallite size by 275.26% are opposing effects and can be only explained based on current knowledge in terms of dislocation movements during recovery and re-crystallization. This is an unprecedented phenomenon observed, since ceramics are elastic solids.
The treated powders exhibited increase as well decrease in volume of the unit cell and molecular weight. The changes in density are exactly reversed. This inverse relationship between density and molecular weight can only be explained by changes in the total number of neutrons and protons as well as their ratio. So we hypothesize that the results achieved could be due to changes in protons and neutrons in the nucleus caused by weak interactions.
FT-IR spectra showed, significant shifting of M-O stretching vibration in all transition metal oxides (TMOs), which revealed that biofield treatment have altered the bond length and bond force constant.
Based on the higher crystallite size and higher lattice strain achieved in treated ZnO, Fe3O4 and CuO powders ; we assume that these ceramics could be used for piezoelectric devices, ferrofluids, and semiconductor applications, respectively.