Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Physical, Atomic and Structural Characteristics of Manganese (II, III) Oxide

Journal: Material Science & Engineering PDF  

Published: 04-Jul-15 Volume: 4 Issue: 4

DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022.1000177 ISSN: 2169-0022

Authors: Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S*, Tallapragada RM and Latiyal O

Citation: Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O (2015) Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Physical, Atomic and Structural Characteristics of Manganese (II, III) Oxide. J Material Sci Eng 4: 177. doi: 10.4172/2169- 0022.1000177

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Abstract

In Mn3O4, the crystal structure, dislocation density, particle size and spin of the electrons plays crucial role in modulating its magnetic properties. Present study investigates impact of Biofield treatment on physical and atomic properties of Mn3O4. X-ray diffraction revealed the significant effect of biofield on lattice parameter, unit cell volume, molecular weight, crystallite sizes and densities of treated Mn3O4. XRD analysis confirmed that crystallinity was enhanced and dislocation density was effectively reduced by 80%. FTIR spectroscopic analysis revealed that Mn-O bond strength was significantly altered by biofield treatment. Electronic spin resonance analysis showed higher g-factor of electron in treated Mn3O4 as compared to control, along with altered spin-spin atomic interaction of Mn with other mixed valance states. Additionally, ESR study affirmed higher magnetization behaviour of the treated Mn3O4. The results demonstrated that treated Mn3O4 ceramic could be used as an excellent material for fabrication of novel magnetic data storage devices.

Conclusion

Current research work investigates the modulation of crystalline, physical, atomic and magnetic properties of Mn3O4 ceramic powders using Mr. TrivediĀ‘s biofield. The particle size of Mn3O4 powder was increased after biofield treatment, which results into reduced surface area, which may be due to combine effect of rupturing and agglomeration process. XRD result demonstrated that biofield had significantly reduced the unit cell volume by 0.60%, that was probably due to compressive stress applied during energy milling. Biofield exposed sample showed the larger crystalline size as compared to control Mn3O4, which was mainly due to reduction of the dislocation density and microstrain cause reorientation of neighbouring planes in same direction and thereby increasing crystallite size. The reduction in dislocation density and microstrain could have led to enhance the paramagnetic behaviour of Mn3O4. ESR results revealed that magnetization and spin-spin atomic interaction of treated sample was enhanced, which may be due to increasing in spin cluster density and high crystallinity respectively. Hence the increase in spin cluster density could lead to enhance the magnetisation of Mn3O4 nanopowders.These excellent results indicates that biofield treated Mn3O4 ceramic powders can be used as novel materials for fabricating magnetic data storage devices and future research is needed to explore its further applications.