Effect of Biofield Energy Treatment on Chlorophyll Content, Pathological Study, and Molecular Analysis of Cashew Plant (Anacardium occidentale L.)

Journal: Journal of Plant Sciences PDF  

Published: 21-Dec-15 Volume: 3 Issue: 6 Pages: 372-382

DOI: 10.11648/j.jps.20150306.21 ISSN: 2331-0723 (Print) 2331-0731 (Online)

Authors: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana

Citation: Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana. Effect of Biofield Energy Treatment on Chlorophyll Content, Pathological Study, and Molecular Analysis of Cashew Plant (Anacardium occidentale L.). Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 3, No.6, 2015, pp. 372-382. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20150306.21

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Abstract

In the world scenario, India occupies a premier position contributing to about 43 per cent production of the cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale L.) along with export and processing. The aim is to study the impact of biofield energy treatment on selected farms for cashew farming. The control and biofield treated farms were divided as control and treated farms, and Mr. Trivedi provided the biofield energy treatment to the treated farms. Further, the plants and fruits were analyzed for overall growth of plants, chlorophyll content, productivity, pathological study, and shelf life using UN specifications for International Trade, biophoton emission study, and DNA fingerprinting using RAPD method. No chemicals, fertilizers, were used on the treated plot, although regular practices were followed on control farms such as fertilizers, pesticides and fungicides due to the high incidence of disease and the requirement of nutritional supplements in the region. The analysis showed that biofield treated farm plants have thicker and stronger branches with more secondary and tertiary branches, flowering pattern, and canopy of plants was improved than trees of the same variety along with height of the plants, as compared with the control. The results showed that chlorophyll a and b content in biofield treated lands plants were increased by approximately 30% and 93% respectively, while total chlorophyll content by 45% as compared with the control. The pathological examination showed the presence of fungi namely Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Botryodiplodia theobromae in control, which were absent in treated plants. Biophoton study suggested that the cashew fruits were bigger in size with high density, strength, and vitality as compared with the control. The shelf life analysis reflected that the biofield treated cashews showed sweet taste, and can be stored for longer duration due to less moisture, and altered minerals content, such as high iodine, and low p-anisidine level. RAPD analysis showed a high level of polymorphism among control and treated samples, while level of true polymorphism among V4 variety of cashew was ranges from 0 to 100%, and in V7 variety, it ranged from 25 to 91% using different set of RAPD primers. Overall, study results suggest that Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on land planted with cashew could be an alternative approach to improve the overall growth of plant, and fruit yield.

Conclusion

In the present study, two varieties of cashew was examined for the impact of biofield treatment on selected plots, and were reported to be very beneficial in terms of overall growth related parameters and productivity. All the tress grown in biofield treated lands were very healthy in terms of flowering pattern, veins of the leaves, canopy of the plants, free from pest attack, and related diseases, even without any application of chemical fertilizers in the treated farms. The chlorophyll a and b content in biofield treated lands plants were increased by approximately 30% and 93% respectively, while total chlorophyll content was increased by 45% in both the farms as compared with the control. The pathological examination showed the presence of fungi namely Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Botryodiplodia theobromae in control farm, even after the application of fertilizers, while absent in biofield treated farm plants. Biophoton analysis results suggested that cashew fruits of biofield treated farms plants had a very unique shininess and were 60% bigger in size, with high density. The nuts showed 300% more vigor, strength and vitality as compared with the control cashew nuts. The shelf life study of control and biofield treated farm cashew showed sweeter taste, less moist, changes magnesium level, and free fatty acids as compared with the control. The iodine content was significantly high in the treated group, while p-anisidine was also decreased as compared with control values. However, RAPD analysis showed a high level of polymorphism among control and treated samples, while the level of true polymorphism among the V4 variety of cashew was ranged from 0 to 100%, and in V7 variety, it ranged from 25 to 91% using the different set of RAPD primers. So, it can be concluded that the cashew fruits and plants from biofield energy treated farms are completely organic, more life span, high nutritive value, and free from fungal infection with better shelf life as compared to the cashews of control farms.