Emotional disorder is a mental disorder in which one’s emotions are disturbed to a great extent. This disorder is not due to any abnormalities in the brain development or function. It is a psychological condition in which thoughts and emotions are not in the proper state. When the personality of an individual is exhibited by unduly emotional thinking and dramatic behavior, it is clearly an indication of overly emotional disorder.
Though the causes of emotional disorders are not very specific, there is a correlation between the disorders with certain causal factors like, exposure to prenatal drugs, experience of physical abuse, poverty, being neglected, parental stress, changing rules and expectations, confusion over long time and so on. The causes can be broadly categorized into biological, family, school or living environment.
List of Emotional Disorders
Emotional disorders list would typically cover various types of emotional disorders in various stages – from childhood to adulthood. Several such emotional disorders in children are broadly categorized into conduct disorders, emotional disturbances, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, and so on. Though the list of overly emotional disorders in children is endless, the following are the frequently exhibited disorders.
Children suffering from conduct disorders are mostly diagnosed with anti-social behaviors, namely aggressiveness, throwing tantrums, stealing, lying, and hostility, destructive and manipulative attitude. Their noncompliance to rules and indifference towards others poses a great challenge to teachers, leading to frustration and annoyance.
Emotional disorders list include improper eating habits, depression, and extreme stress; most of these lead to negative behavior in the individual’s personality. In children, the most commonly encountered psychiatric emotional disorder is the change of mood. It includes depression and bipolar disorder.
The rigid and pervasive behavior pattern exhibited is totally different from the cultural expectations, and results in distress. The disorder may be schizotypal, showing uneasiness in close relationships or borderline, marked by uncertainty in interpersonal relationship or dependent, exhibiting a highly clinging attitude with the need to be cared for.
The most prevalent types of emotional disorders in children are anxiety disorder. The suffering children exhibit fear, shyness and nervousness. It includes phobia, panic, obsessive-compulsive disorders, separation anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Children exhibiting over activity and short span of attention are easily diverted and are unable to consolidate their schedules.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Children easily lose their temper and argue a lot with others. They are quickly irritated by others and express anger often.
Pervasive Development Disorder
Distortions in the thought process of a child and delay in development is caused when the brain is incapable of processing the information. It includes autism and Asperger’s syndrome.
Schizophrenia includes poor reasoning and judgment, hallucinations, delusions, lack of motivation and concentration.
Signs of Emotional Disorders in Children
When children exhibit overly emotional disorders symptoms over a considerably long period, it affects their educational performance to a great extent. This inability to learn something cannot be attributed to intellectual, sensory or health reasons. Children suffering from any kind of overly emotional disorder cannot develop or continue a good rapport with other fellow students and tutors. Even under absolutely ordinary situations, their moods and activities are unfitting, as they experience sadness and a mood swing most of the time. They cultivate a sense of phobia related to own or school matters.
Children suffering from overly emotional disorders are highly impulsive and exhibit violent conduct, both on self and others. They are always anxious and have very little attentiveness. They are not bothered about following rules in the classrooms and often disturb the on-going activities. Emotionally disordered children cannot adapt to any variations in the routine setup. Such kids scheme to accuse others and find it hard to work in groups. They suffer from low self-esteem, which makes them absentees from school mostly.
Their eating habits change leading to sudden weight gain or loss. Sleeping pattern is also erratic. Some children have excess energy to be spent on exhausting activities. Rapid mood swing from extreme joyous feeling to severe depression is a common feature.
The usual teaching methodology cannot be applied to children with overly emotional disorders. The special education approach must be re-designed to discourage the unruly activities and encourage the preferred behavior. The child must be diagnosed through professional clarifications by an expert psychologist.
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